Camel hybridisation is the deliberate inter-breeding of two species from different domestication centers – the Bactrian camel from central Asia and the Dromedary from Arabia – to create more powerful and resilient animals. The overarching research hypothesis of this project is that camel hybridization facilitated the high level of connectivity achieved by early empires across Eurasia.
The project aims to provide clear osteological criteria that distinguish hybrid camels from dromedary and Bactrian camels and to re-assess archaeological specimens from key sites located in present day Israel, Turkey, Syria, and Iran.
Research into genetic resources (aDNA studies), can not only provide information about the initial evolutionary- and domestication processes of Old World Camelids, but though using this method, it is also possible to get a better understanding of the hybridization between the dromedary and Bactrian camel.
Anthropology & Heritage
The tradition of camel wrestling in Western Turkey forms an interesting phenomenon for anthropological study which can possibly produce insights in past bio-cultural dynamics and ways to approach heritage related matters.
Hybrid camel wrestling events form a special source of inspiration for artists and writers. These works can help to bridge the gap between the scientific approaches of the project on the one hand, and the public opinion on the other.